China has to walk a fine balance between local govern

nment debt management and stable economic growth, especially at a time when trade te

nsions with the United States have imposed more downward pressure, said economists.

More financial resources and investors will be involved in the debt resolution process, said Qiao Baoyun, head of the Acad

emy of Public Finance and Public Policy at the Central University of Finance and Economics.

The last round of local government debt swaps started in 2015 and ended in August 2018, w

hich saw 14.34 trillion yuan ($2.08 trillion) of local government debt being swapped into bonds.

Local governments are set to face more debt burden in the next three ye

ars, as many of the previously issued bonds are set to expire, income from land sales has

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“Learning to work together in an orderly, high trust

level, and supported by diverse interest groups will prevent conflicts among stakeholders in the South China Sea,” Santarita said.

Scientists from China and other countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative will work together to enhance scientifi

c and technological cooperation in disaster prevention and mitigation, according to a joint declaration.

He said Asia’s emphasis on “respect for authority, respect for the environment and the discipli

ne to control the use of resources” will also see Asian leaders pursuing a more eco-friendly dev

elopment path and honor their commitments to the Paris climate agreement.

“If there is harmony, discipline, stability and the primacy of family and com

munity over the individual, then any problem can be easily addressed,” Santarita said.

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Trade agreements can affect the types of goods being

traded and they can redirect trade toward one country, away

from others. They cannot directly affect any country’s worldwide current account balance. A count

ry that saves less than it invests will have to borrow foreign funds to import foreign goods to make up that difference.

There are two ways to reduce the US trade deficit. A serious recession would reduce investme

nt, but nobody advocates that as a strategy. The only other path is to change the US financial and gove

rnment system to encourage increased savings. China has almost nothing to do with it.

Ironically, the disputes between the US and China center around both nations’ legitimate desires to

protect some current low-skilled jobs, or at least to allow an easier transition to new jobs and industries.

US administration’s economic policy has rightly focused on the need to

retain jobs for working-class people in the US. And, China’s companies that export to the U

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The traditional family model of the man bringing hom

the bacon and the woman looking after the family doesn’t seem to have changed much eve

n today. As a result, Chinese mothers still shoulder most of the responsibilities of raising kids.

In the absence of fathers, mothers are more likely to pay greater attention to their kids and their

education. This could not only prevent the children from learning life skills, but also make them bur

dens for their mothers. And the greater the burden they become, the more their mothers would be stressed out.

Yet such anxiety could be easily shared by, if not transferred to, other family members. A highly emotional yet anxious moth

er is more likely to make a wrong decision about her child’s education, which in turn could have a negative imp

act not only on the child’s healthy growth but also the health of the mother and the husband-wife relationship.

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He underlined the importance of properly mitigating

various social conflicts, and said efforts must be made to address legitimate and lawful concerns to safeguard public int

erests, and also guide the public in voicing their concerns in a law-based manner to maintain social order.

Strong pressure must be maintained to crack down on crimes such as organized gang activity, violent and terroristic cri

mes, as well as those related to fraud, robbery, food and drug safety, and environmental protection, Xi said.

Calling social fairness and justice a lifeline for judicial and law enforcement work, Xi called for improving the mec

hanism of the use of power in law enforcement as well as the supervision over such powers.

Efforts should be made to help the public feel fairness and justice in every case, Xi said.

He also urged public security staff to improve their work so that human rights can be guarant

eed while crime is fought, and fairness can be ensured while efficiency of law enforcement is pursued.

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No quick fix for decades-old Israeli-Palestinian enmity

Concern over the recent escalation of tensions between Palestinians and Israelis have been temporarily relieved after Palestin

ian leaders in Gaza agreed a cease-fire with Israel early on Monday. Right now, nothing is more important than u

pholding the cease-fire as the atmosphere between the two rivals has not been so combustible since 2014.

Since Friday, militant groups in Gaza have fired more than 600 rockets a

nd other projectiles at southern Israeli cities and villages, killing four Israeli civilians, wit

h Israel retaliating with air and artillery strikes, killing 27 people, including 14 civilians, in Gaza.

The latest border clashes, the most deadly since 2014, have occurred against the backdrop of the changing Middle East po

licy of the United States, which has seen the US drop any pretense of impartiality and make clear its support of Israel.

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teps aimed at helping further develop countryside opt

hina will undertake key measures to further integrate the country’s rural and urban areas

and encourage the transfer and free flow of people and resources throughout the nation.

Measures include relaxing hukou (household registration) barri

ers, reforming zoning regulations for rural and residential land, marketing collective land

in rural areas for development purposes and increasing infrastructure spending in the countryside.

Experts said the new plan, announced by the Communist Party of China Ce

ntral Committee and the State Council late on Sunday, is aimed at helping realize steady progr

ess in rural revitalization, driving up the process of urbanization and further boosting the economy.

China has a three-step plan. First, it will initially build a framework an

d mechanism for integrated development of urban and rural areas, and gradually rem

ove limits on hukou registration in cities by 2022. Second, it will bring about an improved framewo

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China and the US have been expediting their econo

ic and trade consultations, with a goal of implementing the consensuses President Xi Jinping and US President Donald Trump r

eached in December, said Xue Rongjiu, deputy director of the China Society for WTO Studies in Beijing.

China has made various moves recently to expand the new round of reform and opening-up — such as the approval of the Foreign Investm

ent Law in March and further facilitating trade connectivity under the Belt and Road Initiative. It will cont

inue opening its market in a proactive, steady and orderly manner, in accordance with its own development ne

eds and its own pace and timetable, to benefit Chinese and global consumers across the world, said Tu Xinquan, a pro

fessor of international trade at the University of International Business and Economics in Beijing.

James Collins, CEO of Corteva Agriscience, the agricultural division of US-bas

ed DowDuPont, said he hopes the two countries will reach a positive resolution, to benefit both countries and the re

st of the world. Collins said his firm was “not so much affected” in the short term by China-US trade tensions.

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Other commonly used disaggregated growth meas

ures are consistent with the top-line measured GDP growth number. For example, production and

supply of electricity, thermal power, gas and water increased by 7.1 percent in the quarter. Pl

us, value-added index of transport, storage and post increased by 7.3 percent.

A closer look at the highest growth sectors shows that the economy is moving toward the long-term goal of shif

ting away from a development strategy based on heavy investment in industry and

infrastructure to one based on services and domestic consumption. Also, more productive industries that tur

n out higher-value added goods are growing at a much faster rate than traditional heavy industry.

Among large companies, State-owned enterprises grew 4.5 percent yea

r-on-year while shareholding enterprises grew almost twice as fast, at 7.8 percent. So, stro

ng progress is being made toward the goal of promoting private enterprise, which was re

inforced by many policies announced at last month’s meeting of the National People’s Congress.

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It is reported that the IS terrorist organization has clai

med it was behind the horrific attacks. Yet whoever the perpetrators, the attacks on innoc

ent people should be condemned in the strongest terms, and those responsible arrested and punished.

Since Sri Lanka has been facing some political and e

conomic problems, and increasingly acute social conf

licts for the past few years, the attacks seem to reveal not just sectarian disputes but also cer

tain people’s dissatisfaction with the situation in the island nation, and the rest of South Asia.

The motive behind the attacks could be helplessness and desperation of certain sections of Muslims in South Asia.

The rise of Islamic extremism has to some extent fueled the rise of white supremac

ist groups in the United States and some European countries. Perhaps the conflict between Islamic extremism and

the anti-Muslim forces today is greater than that immediately after the Sept 11, 2001, attacks in the US.

And the rising tensions in South Asia and other regions should prompt govern

ments to take sound measures to prevent the spread of extremism inside their borders.、

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